Green Energy and Environmental Technology

Publish — Policies

When you publish with IntechOpen Journals, you become part of a community that will support you and enable you to share research with a relevant global audience. Together we maximise the impact, visibility and outreach of your research to broader communities of scientists and researchers all over the world.

Copyright and Licensing PolicyEthical Publishing PracticeResearch Ethics and ReportingAuthorship Policy and CriteriaCompeting InterestsDisclosure of FundingData Sharing and Availability
Copyright & OA Licenses
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As this section deals with legal issues pertaining to the rights of individual Authors and IntechOpen, for the avoidance of doubt, each category of publication is dealt with separately. Consequently, much of the information, for example definition of terms used, is repeated to ensure that there can be no misunderstanding of the policies that apply to each category.

Copyright is the term used to describe the rights related to the publication and distribution of original Works. Most importantly from a publisher's perspective, copyright governs how Authors, publishers and the general public can use, publish, and distribute publications. IntechOpen only publishes manuscripts for which it has publishing rights. This is governed by a publication agreement between the Author and IntechOpen. This agreement is accepted by the Author when the manuscript is submitted and deals with both the rights of the publisher and Author, as well as any obligations concerning a particular manuscript. However, in accepting this agreement, Authors continue to retain significant rights to use and share their publications.

  1. By accepting the agreement terms Authors retain their copyright on their Work but grant broad publishing and distribution rights to the publisher.
  2. Depending on the type of publication IntechOpen applies a Creative Commons license to the publication, allowing readers to use and share it freely.
  3. IntechOpen makes the publication available online under an appropriate license.
  4. Authors can submit the abstract before the paper enters the peer review process. In that case, the abstract falls under the same intellectual governance as the paper, and the same Copyright Policy is applied.

Agreement samples are listed here for the convenience of prospective Authors:

  • Publication Agreement - Journals


The following definitions apply in this Copyright Policy:

  • Author - in order to be identified as an Author, three criteria must be met: (i) Substantial contribution to the conception or design of the Work, or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the Work; (ii) Participation in drafting or revising the Work; (iii) Approval of the final version of the Work to be published; (iv) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
  • Work - a Scientific Article and any and all text, graphics, images and/or other materials forming part of or accompanying the Article
  • Scientific Journal - Periodical publication intended to further the progress of science.
  • Journal Article – Publication based on empirical evidence. It can support a hypothesis with original research, describe existing research or comment on current trends in a specific field.
  • IntechOpen - Registered publisher with office at 5 Princes Gate Court, London, SW7 2QJ - UNITED KINGDOM
  • IntechOpen platform - IntechOpen website whose main purpose is to host Monographs in the format of Book Chapters, Long Form Monographs, Compacts, Conference Proceedings, Scientific Journals, and Videos.
  • Video Lecture - an audiovisual recording of a lecture or a speech given by a Lecturer, recorded, edited, owned and published by IntechOpen.


All Works defined in this policy published on the IntechOpen platform and in print are licensed under a Creative Commons 4.0 International License, a license which allows for the broadest possible reuse of published material. Copyright on the individual Works belongs to the specific Author, subject to an agreement with IntechOpen. The Creative Common license is granted to all others to:

  • Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
  • Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material And for any purpose, provided the following conditions are met:
  • An Attribution, giving appropriate credit and providing a link to the license, with an indication as to whether changes to the original were made
  • A commitment not to add additional restrictions. In effect, this prohibits the application of legal conditions or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything that the license permits.

All Works are published under the CC BY 4.0 license. The CC BY 4.0 licenses permit Works to be freely shared in any medium or format, as well as the reuse and adaptation of the original contents of Works (e.g. figures and tables created by the Authors), as long as the source Work is cited and its Authors are acknowledged in the following manner:

Content reuse:
© {year} {authors' full names}. Originally published in {short citation} under {license version} license. Available from: {DOI}

Content adaptation & reuse:
© {year} {authors' full names}. Adapted from {short citation}; originally published under {license version} license. Available from: {DOI}

Reposting & sharing:
Originally published in {full citation}. Available from: {DOI}

Republishing – More about Attribution Policy can be found here.

DISCLAIMER: Neither the CC BY 3.0 license, CC BY 4.0, nor any other license IntechOpen currently uses or has used before, applies to figures and tables reproduced from other works, as they may be subject to different terms of reuse. In such cases, if the copyright holder is not noted in the source of a figure or table, it is the responsibility of the User to investigate and determine the exact copyright status of any information utilised. Users requiring assistance in that regard are welcome to send an inquiry to

Policy last updated: 2023-01-23